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Старый 05.01.2012, 10:39
Marley Marley вне форума
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Регистрация: 19.09.2009
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По умолчанию Installing Oracle 11g R2 on Ubuntu 10 Howto

Installing Oracle 11g R2 on Ubuntu 10 Howto

Если кто будет ставить, отпишитесь о результатах.


This is a of follow-up of my previous post: Installing Oracle 11g R2 on Ubuntu 10.04 (solved)
http://forums.oracle.com/forums/thre...readID=1077139

Revisited.

Installing Oracle 11gR2 11.2.0.1 x86_64-bit in Ubuntu Linux 10.04 Intel x86_64-bit.
(Please see the previous thread regarding feedback for 32-bit installations)

Note: Tips and troubleshooting info are the end of this document


Oracle Installation:

Oracle Software Prerequisites

Install required packages

sudo su -

apt-get install build-essential
apt-get install libaio1
apt-get install libaio-dev
apt-get install unixODBC
apt-get install unixODBC-dev
apt-get install pdksh
apt-get install expat
apt-get install sysstat
apt-get install libelf-dev
apt-get install elfutils
apt-get install lsb-cxx

To avoid error "linking ctx/lib/ins_ctx.mk...":
cd /tmp
wget http://mirrors.kernel.org/ubuntu/poo...ntu1_amd64.deb
dpkg-deb -x libstdc++5_3.3.6-17ubuntu1_amd64.deb ia64-libs
cp ia64-libs/usr/lib/libstdc++.so.5.0.7 /usr/lib64/
cd /usr/lib64/
ln -s libstdc++.so.5.0.7 libstdc++.so.5

cd /tmp
wget http://mirrors.kernel.org/ubuntu/poo...u6.1_amd64.deb
dpkg-deb -x ia32-libs_2.7ubuntu6.1_amd64.deb ia32-libs
cp ia32-libs/usr/lib32/libstdc++.so.5.0.7 /usr/lib32/
cd /usr/lib32
ln -s libstdc++.so.5.0.7 libstdc++.so.5

cd /tmp
rm *.deb
rm -r ia64-libs
rm -r ia32-libs

To avoid error invoking target 'idg4odbc' of makefile:
ln -s /usr/bin/basename /bin/basename

To avoid errors when executing the post-install root.sh script:
ln -s /usr/bin/awk /bin/awk

Kernel Parameters

sudo su -

Make a backup of the original kernel configuration file:
cp /etc/sysctl.conf /etc/sysctl.original

Modify the kernel parameter file

echo "#">> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "# Oracle 11gR2 entries">> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "fs.aio-max-nr=1048576" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "fs.file-max=6815744" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "kernel.shmall=2097152" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "kernel.shmmni=4096" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "kernel.sem=250 32000 100 128" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range=9000 65500" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "net.core.rmem_default=262144" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "net.core.rmem_max=4194304" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "net.core.wmem_default=262144" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "net.core.wmem_max=1048586" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "kernel.shmmax=2147483648" >> /etc/sysctl.conf

Note: kernel.shmmax = max possible value, e.g. size of physical memory in bytes

Load new kernel parameters
sysctl -p


Oracle Groups and Accounts

sudo su -

groupadd oinstall
groupadd dba
useradd -m -g oinstall -G dba oracle
usermod -s /bin/bash oracle

passwd oracle

groupadd nobody
usermod -g nobody nobody

id oracle
uid=1001(oracle) gid=1001(oinstall) groups=1001(oinstall),1002(dba)

Make a backup of the original file:
cp /etc/security/limits.conf /etc/security/limits.conf.original

echo "#Oracle 11gR2 shell limits:">>/etc/security/limits.conf
echo "oracle soft nproc 2048">>/etc/security/limits.conf
echo "oracle hard nproc 16384">>/etc/security/limits.conf
echo "oracle soft nofile 1024">>/etc/security/limits.conf
echo "oracle hard nofile 65536">>/etc/security/limits.conf


Oracle Directories

i.e. /u01/app for Oracle software and /u02/oradata for database files

mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle
mkdir -p /u01/app/oraInventory
mkdir -p /u02/oradata

chown oracle:oinstall /u01/app/oracle
chown oracle:oinstall /u01/app/oraInventory
chown oracle:oinstall /u02/oradata

chmod 750 /u01/app/oracle
chmod 750 /u01/app/oraInventory
chmod 750 /u02/oradata


Oracle Universal Installer

Login as the Oracle user - do not use 'su' command
ssh -Y [email protected]_address

See Tips below for mounting the Oracle installation source
/path_to_installer/runInstaller

Note: Select the "Ignore All" button at the Prerequisite Checks dialog.


Tips:

Fix backspace and arrow keys in the vi-editor:
sudo apt-get install vim

Allow the Oracle user to gain root access:
Edit /etc/sudoers and add the following:
# Members of the oinstall group may gain root privileges
%oinstall ALL=(ALL) ALL

Enable remote SSH connectivity:
sudo apt-get install ssh
Note: New accounts requires a password: passwd oracle

Connect from a X-Windows enabled terminal with trusted X11 forwarding:
Using 'su - oracle' will break X screen forwarding or proper display when using Oracle runInstaller

You should either log out root and log in as user "oracle", or use SSH with X forwarding from a remote system or local terminal screen: e.g.
# ssh -X [email protected]
# ssh -X [email protected]_hostname_or_ip

Then simply type "xclock" to see if X forwarding to your local X-server works.
Typing 'xclock' in the terminal window should display a clock on your desktop.

Note: When using SSH you should not manually configure DISPLAY variables and using 'xhost' is also not necessary.
When making a remote connection, the program you use to connect to Linux need to be as an X-server to process the requests from the Linux client application.
There are several free products availabe for windows, e.g. MobaXterm. MacOSX users can use Apple's X11 from optional install.

Mount an iso disk image:
mount -o loop /u02/oradata/oracle11gR2.iso /mnt/
Note: For this to work the iso image needs to be copied to a Linux filesystem.

Avoid Oracle runInstaller ".oui: No such file" / "bad interpreter: Permission denied:
Logout your current X-session and login as user Oracle
Insert the Oracle Installation DVD

Or from a remote terminal session:
Insert the Oracle Installation DVD
sudo umount /dev/sr0
Create a new session as user Oracle
ssh -Y [email protected]_address
sudo mount /dev/sr0 /media
/media/database/runInstaller

If you see "runinstaller" instead of "runInstaller" you can try the following:
sudo mount -o loop,norock /dev/cdrom /media

Note the OUI installer fails if there are spaces in the path to runInstaller

Blank windows in the Oracle Database Creation Assistant (DBCA)
Disable Visual Effects using System -> Preferences -> Appearance, Visual Effects

Regards and best of luck.

Edited by: Dude on Dec 17, 2010 3:56 PM



https://forums.oracle.com/forums/thr...readID=1115155
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Последний раз редактировалось Marley; 10.05.2012 в 13:07.
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