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Старый 26.12.2009, 03:08
Marley Marley вне форума
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По умолчанию Contents

Contents

I Introduction
Lesson Objectives I-2
Goals of the Course I-3
Oracle10g I-4
Oracle Database 10g I-6
Oracle Application Server 10g I-7
Oracle Enterprise Manager 10g Grid Control I-8
Relational and Object Relational Database Management Systems I-9
Oracle Internet Platform I-10
System Development Life Cycle I-11
Data Storage on Different Media I-13
Relational Database Concept I-14
Definition of a Relational Database I-15
Data Models I-16
Entity Relationship Model I-17
Entity Relationship Modeling Conventions I-19
Relating Multiple Tables I-21
Relational Database Terminology I-23
Relational Database Properties I-25
Communicating with an RDBMS Using SQL I-26
Oracles Relational Database Management System I-27
SQL Statements I-28
Tables Used in the Course I-29
Summary I-30
1 Retrieving Data Using the SQL SELECT Statement
Objectives 1-2
Capabilities of SQL SELECT Statements 1-3
Basic SELECT Statement 1-4
Selecting All Columns 1-5
Selecting Specific Columns 1-6
Writing SQL Statements 1-7
Column Heading Defaults 1-8
Arithmetic Expressions 1-9
Using Arithmetic Operators 1-10
Operator Precedence 1-11
Defining a Null Value 1-12
Null Values in Arithmetic Expressions 1-13
Defining a Column Alias 1-14
Using Column Aliases 1-15
Concatenation Operator 1-16
Literal Character Strings 1-17
Using Literal Character Strings 1-18
Alternative Quote (q) Operator 1-19
Duplicate Rows 1-20
SQL and iSQL*Plus Interaction 1-21
SQL Statements Versus iSQL*Plus Commands 1-22
Overview of iSQL*Plus 1-23
Logging In to iSQL*Plus 1-24
iSQL*Plus Environment 1-25
Displaying Table Structure 1-26
Interacting with Script Files 1-28
iSQL*Plus History Page 1-32
Setting iSQL*Plus Preferences 1-34
Setting the Output Location Preference 1-35
Summary 1-36
Practice 1: Overview 1-37
2 Restricting and Sorting Data
Objectives 2-2
Limiting Rows Using a Selection 2-3
Limiting the Rows That Are Selected 2-4
Using the WHERE Clause 2-5
Character Strings and Dates 2-6
Comparison Conditions 2-7
Using Comparison Conditions 2-8
Using the BETWEEN Condition 2-9
Using the IN Condition 2-10
Using the LIKE Condition 2-11
Using the NULL Conditions 2-13
Logical Conditions 2-14
Using the AND Operator 2-15
Using the OR Operator 2-16
Using the NOT Operator 2-17
Rules of Precedence 2-18
Using the ORDER BY Clause 2-20
Sorting 2-21
Substitution Variables 2-22
Using the & Substitution Variable 2-24
Character and Date Values with Substitution Variables 2-26
Specifying Column Names, Expressions, and Text 2-27
Using the && Substitution Variable 2-28
Using the iSQL*Plus DEFINE Command 2-29
Using the VERIFY Command 2-30
Summary 2-31
Practice 2: Overview 2-32
3 Using Single-Row Functions to Customize Output
Objectives 3-2
SQL Functions 3-3
Two Types of SQL Functions 3-4
Single-Row Functions 3-5
Character Functions 3-7
Case-Manipulation Functions 3-9
Using Case-Manipulation Functions 3-10
Character-Manipulation Functions 3-11
Using the Character-Manipulation Functions 3-12
Number Functions 3-13
Using the ROUND Function 3-14
Using the TRUNC Function 3-15
Using the MOD Function 3-16
Working with Dates 3-17
Arithmetic with Dates 3-20
Using Arithmetic Operators with Dates 3-21
Date Functions 3-22
Using Date Functions 3-23
Practice 3: Overview of Part 1 3-25
Conversion Functions 3-26
Implicit Data Type Conversion 3-27
Explicit Data Type Conversion 3-29
Using the TO_CHAR Function with Dates 3-32
Elements of the Date Format Model 3-33
Using the TO_CHAR Function with Dates 3-37
Using the TO_CHAR Function with Numbers 3-38
Using the TO_NUMBER and TO_DATE Functions 3-41
RR Date Format 3-43
Example of RR Date Format 3-44
Nesting Functions 3-45
General Functions 3-47
NVL Function 3-48
Using the NVL Function 3-49
Using the NVL2 Function 3-50
Using the NULLIF Function 3-51
Using the COALESCE Function 3-52
Conditional Expressions 3-54
CASE Expression 3-55
Using the CASE Expression 3-56
DECODE Function 3-57
Using the DECODE Function 3-58
Summary 3-60
Practice 3: Overview of Part 2 3-61
4 Reporting Aggregated Data Using the Group Functions
Objectives 4-2
What Are Group Functions? 4-3
Types of Group Functions 4-4
Group Functions: Syntax 4-5
Using the AVG and SUM Functions 4-6
Using the MIN and MAX Functions 4-7
Using the COUNT Function 4-8
Using the DISTINCT Keyword 4-9
Group Functions and Null Values 4-10
Creating Groups of Data 4-11
Creating Groups of Data: GROUP BY Clause Syntax 4-12
Using the GROUP BY Clause 4-13
Grouping by More Than One Column 4-15
Using the GROUP BY Clause on Multiple Columns 4-16
Illegal Queries Using Group Functions 4-17
Restricting Group Results 4-19
Restricting Group Results with the HAVING Clause 4-20
Using the HAVING Clause 4-21
Nesting Group Functions 4-23
Summary 4-24
Practice 4: Overview 4-25
5 Displaying Data from Multiple Tables
Objectives 5-2
Obtaining Data from Multiple Tables 5-3
Types of Joins 5-4
Joining Tables Using SQL:1999 Syntax 5-5
Creating Natural Joins 5-6
Retrieving Records with Natural Joins 5-7
Creating Joins with the USING Clause 5-8
Joining Column Names 5-9
Retrieving Records with the USING Clause 5-10
Qualifying Ambiguous Column Names 5-11
Using Table Aliases 5-12
Creating Joins with the ON Clause 5-13
Retrieving Records with the ON Clause 5-14
Self-Joins Using the ON Clause 5-15
Applying Additional Conditions to a Join 5-17
Creating Three-Way Joins with the ON Clause 5-18
Non-Equijoins 5-19
Retrieving Records with Non-Equijoins 5-20
Outer Joins 5-21
INNER Versus OUTER Joins 5-22
LEFT OUTER JOIN 5-23
RIGHT OUTER JOIN 5-24
FULL OUTER JOIN 5-25
Cartesian Products 5-26
Generating a Cartesian Product 5-27
Creating Cross Joins 5-28
Summary 5-29
Practice 5: Overview 5-30
6 Using Subqueries to Solve Queries
Objectives 6-2
Using a Subquery to Solve a Problem 6-3
Subquery Syntax 6-4
Using a Subquery 6-5
Guidelines for Using Subqueries 6-6
Types of Subqueries 6-7
Single-Row Subqueries 6-8
Executing Single-Row Subqueries 6-9
Using Group Functions in a Subquery 6-10
The HAVING Clause with Subqueries 6-11
What Is Wrong with This Statement? 6-12
Will This Statement Return Rows? 6-13
Multiple-Row Subqueries 6-14
Using the ANY Operator in Multiple-Row Subqueries 6-15
Using the ALL Operator in Multiple-Row Subqueries 6-16
Null Values in a Subquery 6-17
Summary 6-19
Practice 6: Overview 6-20
7 Using the Set Operators
Objectives 7-2
Set Operators 7-3
Tables Used in This Lesson 7-4
UNION Operator 7-8
Using the UNION Operator 7-9
UNION ALL Operator 7-11
Using the UNION ALL Operator 7-12
INTERSECT Operator 7-13
Using the INTERSECT Operator 7-14
MINUS Operator 7-15
Set Operator Guidelines 7-17
The Oracle Server and Set Operators 7-18
Matching the SELECT Statements 7-19
Matching the SELECT Statement: Example 7-20
Controlling the Order of Rows 7-21
Summary 7-23
Practice 7: Overview 7-24
8 Manipulating Data
Objectives 8-2
Data Manipulation Language 8-3
Adding a New Row to a Table 8-4
INSERT Statement Syntax 8-5
Inserting New Rows 8-6
Inserting Rows with Null Values 8-7
Inserting Special Values 8-8
Inserting Specific Date Values 8-9
Creating a Script 8-10
Copying Rows from Another Table 8-11
Changing Data in a Table 8-12
UPDATE Statement Syntax 8-13
Updating Rows in a Table 8-14
Updating Two Columns with a Subquery 8-15
Updating Rows Based on Another Table 8-16
Removing a Row from a Table 8-17
DELETE Statement 8-18
Deleting Rows from a Table 8-19
Deleting Rows Based on Another Table 8-20
TRUNCATE Statement 8-21
Using a Subquery in an INSERT Statement 8-22
Database Transactions 8-24
Advantages of COMMIT and ROLLBACK Statements 8-26
Controlling Transactions 8-27
Rolling Back Changes to a Marker 8-28
Implicit Transaction Processing 8-29
State of the Data Before COMMIT or ROLLBACK 8-31
State of the Data After COMMIT 8-32
Committing Data 8-33
State of the Data After ROLLBACK 8-34
Statement-Level Rollback 8-36
Read Consistency 8-37
Implementation of Read Consistency 8-38
Summary 8-39
Practice 8: Overview 8-40
9 Using DDL Statements to Create and Manage Tables
Objectives 9-2
Database Objects 9-3
Naming Rules 9-4
CREATE TABLE Statement 9-5
Referencing Another Users Tables 9-6
DEFAULT Option 9-7
Creating Tables 9-8
Data Types 9-9
Datetime Data Types 9-11
INTERVAL DAY TO SECOND Data Type 9-16
Including Constraints 9-17
Constraint Guidelines 9-18
Defining Constraints 9-19
NOT NULL Constraint 9-21
UNIQUE Constraint 9-22
PRIMARY KEY Constraint 9-24
FOREIGN KEY Constraint 9-25
FOREIGN KEY Constraint: Keywords 9-27
CHECK Constraint 9-28
CREATE TABLE: Example 9-29
Violating Constraints 9-30
Creating a Table by Using a Subquery 9-32
ALTER TABLE Statement 9-34
Dropping a Table 9-35
Summary 9-36
Practice 9: Overview 9-37
10 Creating Other Schema Objects
Objectives 10-2
Database Objects 10-3
What Is a View? 10-4
Advantages of Views 10-5
Simple Views and Complex Views 10-6
Creating a View 10-7
Retrieving Data from a View 10-10
Modifying a View 10-11
Creating a Complex View 10-12
Rules for Performing DML Operations on a View 10-13
Using the WITH CHECK OPTION Clause 10-16
Denying DML Operations 10-17
Removing a View 10-19
Practice 10: Overview of Part 1 10-20
Sequences 10-21
CREATE SEQUENCE Statement: Syntax 10-23
Creating a Sequence 10-24
NEXTVAL and CURRVAL Pseudocolumns 10-25
Using a Sequence 10-27
Caching Sequence Values 10-28
Modifying a Sequence 10-29
Guidelines for Modifying a Sequence 10-30
Indexes 10-31
How Are Indexes Created? 10-33
Creating an Index 10-34
Index Creation Guidelines 10-35
Removing an Index 10-36
Synonyms 10-37
Creating and Removing Synonyms 10-39
Summary 10-40
Practice 10: Overview of Part 2 10-41
11 Managing Objects with Data Dictionary Views
Objectives 11-2
The Data Dictionary 11-3
Data Dictionary Structure 11-4
How to Use the Dictionary Views 11-6
USER_OBJECTS View 11-7
Table Information 11-9
Column Information 11-10
Constraint Information 11-12
View Information 11-15
Sequence Information 11-16
Synonym Information 11-18
Adding Comments to a Table 11-19
Summary 11-20
Practice 11: Overview 11-21
A Practice Solutions
B Table Descriptions and Data
C Oracle Join Syntax
D Using SQL*Plus
Index
Additional Practices
Additional Practices: Table Descriptions and Data
Additional Practices: Solutions
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Последний раз редактировалось Marley; 26.12.2009 в 03:48.
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